إدارة الطاقة في المباني الذكية بالمدن الحديثة 5من اصل5
The field layer comprises of temperature, humidity, light level and room occupancy sensors. The actuators are made up of automated blinds, light switches, flow valves, …etc. The automation layer consists of direct digital controllers (DDCs) which provide precise automated control of building processes using digital devices, while the management layer provide centralized management of the entire system. It provides a view of the whole building, facilitating centralized control, data collection and analysis.